The automotive group Stellantis, including Peugeot, Citroën and Fiat among others, has reached an agreement with Vulcan for the delivery of German lithium from 2026.
New group born from the union between PSA and Fiat, Stellantis owns the brands Citroën, Peugeot, Opel, Fiat or Jeep. Its electric cars are mainly produced in Europe, but its batteries are not.
To guarantee more local and less polluting construction, Stellantis has entered into a union with Vulcan Energy Resources. The latter has the ambition to open a lithium extraction site in Germany, in the upper Rhine valley.
This project Zero Carbon Lithium will source “From brine without using fossil fuels and using a minimum of water”. For energy, geothermal energy will be the engine of the plant. She would require 80 m3 of water / tonne, 6 times less than the evaporation mines in Chile. The impact on the environment would also be low, avoiding sprawl or generating a crater. Vulcan also estimates a lower cost, at $ 3,140 per tonne (€ 2,780), half the cost of a surface mine.
This lithium will power the batteries for Stellantis electric cars from 2026. The agreement is given for 5 years, for a volume of 81 to 99,000 tonnes. Renault has also established a partnership with Vulcan for 26 to 32,000 tonnes over the same period 2026-2031.
Between raw materials and the assembly of electric cars, what about batteries? Today mainly produced in Asia, they will gradually return to Europe.
At Stellantis, a major project is underway. The manufacturer is participating in the ACC consortium with Saft and Mercedes-Benz, providing 120 GWh of capacity by 2030. One of the plants will be in France, in Douvrin / Billy-Berclau (62), opening from 2023 with 8 GWh. It will expand to 16 GWh in 2025 then 24 GWh in 2028. Another site in Kaiserslautern (Germany) will produce 24 to 32 GWh. This would allow “To equip half a million vehicles annually” according to ACC.
Relocation will take place also in North America. For its Jeep, Dodge, Chrysler or Ram electric cars, Stellantis will open a battery factory in 2025. In partnership with the Korean company Samsung SDI, the group will produce 23 GWh per year there, or even 40 GWh in the long term in 2030.
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