Categories: Environment

How many battery factories are there in Europe?

With the energy transition getting under way, Europe can count on more and more battery factories. But how many are there now?

Acea, the association of European manufacturers, has published an interactive map of car factories in general, but also battery factories dedicated to electric models. The census, which takes stock of the situation at the end of 2022, reports the presence of 322 car factories in Europei.e. 21 more than in 2021.

Regarding battery factories, as you can imagine, there are more and more of them. Currently, there are 42 battery factories in Europe. Of these, 38 are located within the European Union and four outside the EU, but still in the Europe zone. There is one in Serbia, one in Turkey and two in the UK.

France far behind Germany

Obviously, when we talk about battery factories, we are not necessarily talking about gigafactories, these very large establishments dedicated to the production of batteries and motors for electric cars which have been “democratized” by Tesla. Most are engaged in the production of lithium-ion batteries, others in the production of batteries in general.

Looking at the data by country, Germany tops the ranking. There are 12 battery factories with our neighbors across the Rhine. In second place, we find France with five factories and Spain in third position with three sites. Italy, Belgium, Finland, Poland and Slovakia have two factories, while Austria, Croatia, Hungary, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Romania, Slovenia and Sweden have no only have one factory.

Many factory projects all over Europe

Of course, the number of battery factories will change considerably over the next few years. In Scandinavia for example, Finland and Norway will soon join Sweden with a number of factories (including four in Norway alone by 2030).

Among the most active countries are Spain, supported by local policies and Volkswagen’s strategy to build a dedicated center for electric compacts in the Iberian Peninsula, and France, which is benefiting from investments by Renault and Stellantis in this domain.

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